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2013美国开放门户报告全解读

http://www.liuxue68.com/  2013-11-18 14:08    美国留学    [让留学专家主动与你联系]

北京2013年11月14日—2012/13年被美国高等教育机构录取的中国学生人数从194,029人增加到235,597人。这代表着选择去美国留学的中国学生比前一年多41,600人,增长21%。这来自2013年国际教育交流开放门户报告(开放门户)—在美国国务院教育和文化事务局的支持下,由国际教育协会(IIE)出版的国际学术流动性年度报告,也表明中国在所有派遣学生赴美的国家中仍居第一位。

 

在美中国留学生和在华美国留学生达历年新高

 

单一年度中国留学生增加最多

 

今年的开放门户报告显示,2012/13学年中,美国学院和大学中的国际学生总数增加了7%,达到819,644人。这代表着美国高等教育机构录取的国际学生多了55,000人—创历史新高。2012/13学年增加的学生中有约75%来自中国。国际学生入学率的强劲增长,显示国际学生及其家长继续相信美国学位是对他们未来职业生涯的一项良好投资。

接收中国学生最多的美国大学榜

历年申请美国大学本科和研究生的国际学生数量及增长率

国际学生申请最多的热门专业

留学生的主要经济来源

留学生最青睐的美国院校所在地区

赴美留学国际学生生源地及增长率

 

2012/13年度发布的数据标志着,“开放门户”已经连续第七年报告美国高等教育机构中的国际学生总数增加。这也是“开放门户”连续第九年报告在美国高等教育机构学习的中国学生总数增加,该数字自2005年来一直以16.5%的平均速率增长。与十年前相比,就读于美国学院和大学的国际学生增加了40%,而且在过去三年中,入学率稳步增长。“新”国际学生(2013年秋季第一次入读美国学院或大学的学生)数量的类似增加,表明这一增长趋势还在继续。继2011/12学年7%的增长后,2013年新入学率比前一年增长了10%。尽管近年来有所增长,在美国就读研[微博]究生和大学的2,100万学生中,国际学生所占比例仍稍低于4%。

 

美国驻华大使骆家辉强调,“美国欢迎中国学生!我们要让所有来美国学习的中国学生在适合的院校接受优质的教育、结交美国朋友并获得绝佳的体验。让我非常骄傲的是,美国高校欢迎大量中国学生的到来,由此建立伴随一生的联系,这种联系使我们两种文化联结得更加紧密。这体现了美国教育的全球价值,也凸显了教育超越国界、改变人们生活的力量——来自机遇、努力和决心的力量。”

 

赴美学习的中国学生,特别是本科生人数增长可观,成为美国国际学生数量增长的主要动力。中国学生总数增长了21%,本科生人数增长了26%。近41,600名中国新生选择来美国读书——创历年来单年增长新高。

 

“国际教育促进美国与世界各国的人民和社区之间的联系和知识交流,这种联系和交流是解决全球挑战所必需的,”负责教育和文化事务的助理国务卿伊凡?瑞安(EvanRyan)说,“留学过程中建立的联系会伴人一生。国际学生丰富了课堂、校园和社区,他们带来的变化在其回国之后仍会持续很久。我们鼓励美国院校继续欢迎更多的国际学生前来留学,同时努力让他们所有的学生都能够出国留学。”

 

国际教育学院总裁兼首席执行官艾伦E?古德曼(AllanE. Goodman)博士认为,“来美国留学的国际学生能够接触到一些全球最顶尖的教授和研究实验室,进而从中获益,而美国则能因国际学生为课堂和社区带来的独特视角和知识而受益匪浅。”

 

出国留学的美国学生

开放门户报告指出,在2011/12学年有14,887名美国学生在中国学习,增长了百分之贰。中国仍然是美国人主要出国留学接待目的地的第五位,位于英国,法国,意大利和西班牙之后,领先于德国,澳大利亚和日本。欧巴马总统的“100,000强”倡议,现在是一个被称为“100,000强基金会”的私人基金会的一部分,继续致力于培养下一代美国的中国问题专家,他们将承担管理不断增长的美国和中国之间的政治,经济和文化关系的责任。该倡议还争取发展具体机会和为弱势??学生到中国留学提供资金来源。

 

报告英文原版:

 

CHINESE STUDENTS STUDYING IN UNITED STATES

 

AND AMERICAN STUDENTS IN CHINA ACHIEVE ALL-TIMEHIGHS

 

Largest single-year increase of Chinese studentsever

 

Beijing,November 14, 2013-- The numberof Chinese students enrolled in U.S. institutions of higher education in 2012/13increased from 194,029 to 235,597.  Thisrepresents 41,600 additional Chinese students who chose to study in the UnitedStates, a 21 percent increase, over the previous year.  This is according to the 2013 Open Doors Report onInternational Education Exchange (Open Doors), the annual report oninternational academic mobility published by the Institute of InternationalEducation (IIE) with support from the Bureau of Educational and CulturalAffairs of the United States Department of State, which also indicated thatChina remains first among all countries sending students to the United States.

 

This year’s Open Doors report shows that thetotal number of international students at colleges and universities in theUnited States increased by seven percent to 819,644 during the 2012/13 academicyear. This represents 55,000 more international students enrolled in U.S.higher education - a record high number. Approximately 75 percent of thisincrease in 2012/13 international students came from China.  The strong increasein international student enrollments shows the continued conviction ofinternational students and their parents that a U.S. degree is a soundinvestment in their future careers.

 

The release of the 2012/13 data marks the seventh consecutive yearthat OpenDoors has reported an increase of the total number of internationalstudents in U.S. higher education institutions.

 

It is also the ninth consecutive year that Open Doors has reportedan increase in the total number of Chinese students studying in U.S. highereducation institutions, which has been growing at an average rate of 16.5percent since 2005.   There are 40percent more international students studying at U.S. colleges and universitiesthan there were a decade ago, and the rate of enrollment has risen steadily forthe past three years.  A similar increasein the number of “new” international students, those enrolling for the firsttime at a U.S. college or university in Fall 2013, indicates that this growthtrend continues. New enrollments in 2013 were up 10 percent from the prior year,following a seven percent increase in 2011/12. Despite the increases in recentyears, international students still make up slightly fewer than four percent ofthe 21 million students enrolled at the graduate and undergraduate levels inthe United States.

 

U.S.  Ambassador to China GaryLocke confirmed that “the United States welcomes Chinese students!  We want all Chinese students who study in theUnited States to get a great education at the right institution, make Americanfriends, and have an excellent experience. I take great pride in the fact thatAmerican colleges and universities welcome Chinese students at their campusesin large numbers, creating lifelong relationships that bring our two culturescloser together.  It demonstrates thehigh value of an American education in the world.  It also celebrates the power of education totransform our lives and transcend borders – a power born of opportunity, hardwork and determination.”

 

The growth in the number of international students studying in theUnited States is largely driven by sizeable increases in the number of studentsfrom China, particularly at the undergraduate level. Chinese studentenrollments increased by 21 percent in total, and by 26 percent at theundergraduate level.  Approximately41,600 new Chinese students chose to study in the United States – the largestsingle-year increase ever.

 

“International education promotes the relationship building andknowledge exchange between people and communities in the United States andaround the world that are necessary to solve global challenges,” said Evan Ryan, Assistant Secretary ofState for Educational and Cultural Affairs.

 

“The connections made during internationaleducation experiences last a lifetime.

 

International students enrich classrooms, campuses and communities inways that endure long after students return to their home countries.  We encourage U.S. schools to continueto welcome more international students to their campuses and to do more to makestudy abroad a reality for all of their students.”

 

IIE’s President and CEO, Dr. Allan E. Goodmannoted that “International students coming to study in the United States benefitfrom access to some of the finest professors and research laboratories in theworld, and Americans benefit substantially from the presence of internationalstudents who bring their own unique perspectives and knowledge to the classroomand the wider community.”

 

U.S. Students Studying Abroad

 

Open Doors also reported that 14,887 American students studied inChina in the 2011/12 academic year, an increase of two percent.  China remains the fifth among the leadinghost destinations for Americans studying abroad behind the UK, France, Italyand Spain, and ahead of Germany, Australia and Japan.  President Obama’s 100,000 Strong Initiative,now part of a private foundation called the “100,000 Strong Foundation,”continues seeking to prepare the next generation of American experts on Chinawho will be charged with managing the growing political, economic and culturalties between the United States and China. The initiative also seeks to developspecific opportunities and funding sources for underrepresented students tostudy in China。

 

The Open Doors Report ispublished by the Institute of International Education, an independent,not-for-profit organization with a network of 19 offices and affiliatesworldwide and over 1,200 member institutions. IIE has conducted an annualstatistical survey of the international students in the United States since1919 and in partnership with the U.S. Department of State's Bureau ofEducational and Cultural Affairs since 1972.

 

Open Doors also reports on the number of international scholars at U.S. universities;international students enrolled in pre-academic Intensive English Programs; andon U.S. students studying abroad.  Furtherdetails on the Open Doors 2013 surveys and their findings is onthe Open Doors website (www.iie.org/opendoors) and the full 100+ page report can beordered for $69.95 from IIE Books (www.iiebooks.org).


The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) of theU.S. Department of State leads a wide range of academic, professional, andcultural exchanges that include approximately 40,000 participants annually,including the flagship Fulbright Program and the International VisitorLeadership Program, with the goal of increasing mutual understanding andrespect between the people of the United States and the people of othercountries.  ECA also sponsors theBenjamin A. Gilman Scholarships for U.S. undergraduates with financial need,administered by IIE, and the Critical Language Scholarship Program in supportof U.S. study abroad and the EducationUSA network of over 400 advising centers worldwide, whichprovides information to students around the globe who wish to study in theUnited States.  For more information onthe Department of State’s educational and cultural exchange activities, visit www.exchanges.state.gov.

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